Aspects of Infection in Intensive Care Unit – Prevention and Control

MK Hassan, H Akhter, MMG Chowdhury, N Haq, NAK Ahsan

Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is the most vulnerable area in the hospital premises. Hospital acquired
infections in critically ill patients as well as of transmission of infections from a patient to another
patient or to the health care workers or vice versa can occur in ICU. ICUs combine physicians, nurses
and allied health professionals to manage patients with life threatening single or multiple organ
system failure, including stabilization after surgical interventions. It is a continuous management
including monitoring, diagnosis, and support of failing vital functions as well as the treatment of
the underlying disease. Here we have to discuss the source of infection and their effective control
measurement in intensive care unit. Ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) as well with other
sources is most common nosocomial infection having 33% mortality in ICU