Aorto-bi-Femoral Bypass for Aorto-Iliac Occlusive Disease: Recent Experience at the National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases (NICVD)

AHM Bashar, GMM Hossain, E Hakim, NC Mondol, MN Sabah, MF Hossain, NK Dey, S Samad, AA Mamun, K Haroon, MF Islam, AK Khan, S Ferdous, M Rahman, AK Beg, SAN Alam

Background & Objectives: Aorto-bi-femoral bypass is one of the most important surgical strategies
in vascular surgical practice. The procedure is employed in surgical revascularization for both
stenotic and aneurysmal diseases involving the aorto-iliac segment. The present study was carried
out to analyze our recent experiences with this procedure for aorto-iliac occlusive diseases (AIOD) at
the National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases (NICVD).
Materials and Methods: Over a period of 3 years (April 2008 to March 2011), a total of 47 patients
underwent aorto-bi-femoral or aorto-bisiliac bypass grafting for AIOD using a Y-graft prosthesis.
The mean age of the patients was 46.4 years (range 25-75 years). Thirty eight of the patients were
male and the remaining 9 were female. A retroperitoneal approach was used in 27 patients. In the
remaining 20 patients, the operation was done using a transperitoneal approach. A Gelatin-coated
Dacron Y-graft prosthesis was used in 43 (5 of which were silver-coated prosthesis) patients while
PTFE (Polytetrafluoroethylene) prosthesis was used in the remaining 4 patients. The operation was
carried out under epidural anesthesia with sedation in most cases.
Results: The operation was well-tolerated in all patients. There was no intraoperative mortality in
this series. Two patients died in the immediate post-operative period- one due to myocardial infarction
and the other due to acute renal shut-down leading to renal failure accounting for a mortality rate
of 4.3%. Wound infection and lymphorrhoea at the groin incision site were the two main immediate
post-operative complications. There was no incidence of graft infection in this series. Twelve patients
were available for post-operative follow-up up to 2 years. Out of them, 5 patients returned with
occluded grafts 8-23 months after the operation. Three of these patients underwent graft excision
with re-do Y-graft bypass. The remaining two were treated with extra-anatomic bypass (Axillobifemoral).
Conclusions: Aorto-bi-femoral bypass is an effective surgical strategy for occlusive diseases involving
the abdominal aorta and the iliac arteries. The procedure is well-tolerated with a low incidence of
early post-procedural complications and graft failure. However, poor adherence of the patients to
follow-up remains a significant obstacle for evaluating the long-term outcome of this procedure